The most spectacular new species we have ever discovered

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New Hyloscirtus. Photo: Lou Jost/EcoMinga

 

[Vea traduccion en espanol abajo]

We’ve discovered many amazing species of plants and animals new to science in our reserves over the years. Our new Magnolia and Meriania trees are extraordinary finds. Some of our new orchids and frogs are also spectacular.  But recently we have found something so striking and so unexpected that it has surprised even us.

Last year one of our Keepers of the Wild, Darwin Recalde, found this unbelievable new Hyloscirtus frog in one of our reserves. It is a big frog, maybe four inches long, black spotted with bright red.

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New Hyloscirtus. Photo: Lou Jost/EcoMinga.

Such crazy color patterns in animals are usually warning colors. Sure enough, Darwin carried the frog down the mountain in his hand for hours, and by the end his whole arm was tingling and in pain….

There are a couple of other close relatives that are similar, such as Hyloscirtus princecharlesi.  But this is the most spectacular of them all.

An international team of researchers has recently confirmed that it is indeed a new species. We have to decide on a name for it. As we have done in the past, we’d be pleased to honor a major new donor by naming this frog after the donor or a loved one.  If interested, write me at loujost@gmail.com  We are in tough financial shape with respect to operating funds, and in debt for emergency land purchases, so help would be welcome.

Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

 

La especie más espectacular que hayamos descubierto alguna vez.
Traducción: Salomé Solórzano Flores
**IMG 01**- Nueva Hyloscirtus. Fotografía: Lou Jost/EcoMinga
Hemos descubierto muchas especies interesantes de plantas y animales nuevas para la ciencia en nuestras reservas a lo largo de los años. Nuestros nuevos árboles Magnolia y Meriania son hallazgos extraordinarios. Algunas de nuestras nuevas orquídeas y ranas son también espectaculares. Pero recientemente hemos encontrado algo tan maravilloso e inesperado que nos ha sorprendido incluso a nosotros.
El último año, uno de nuestros guardianes de la naturaleza, Darwin Recalde, encontró esta increible rana nueva Hyloscirtus en una de nuestras reservas. Es una gran rana, mas o menos 4 pulgadas de largo, negra y manchada con puntos rojo brillante.
**IMG 02**- Nueva Hyloscirtus. Fotografía: Lou Jost/EcoMinga
Este patrón de color tan loco en animales usualmente indica colores de advertencia. De hecho, Darwin cargó la rana en su mano, a lo largo de la montaña, durante horas, y al final su brazo entero estaba hormigueando y con dolor.
Hay una pareja de otros parientes cercanos que son similares, como Hyloscirtus princecharlesi. Pero esta es la más espectacular de todas.
Un equipo internacional de investigadores, recientemente ha confirmado que se trata de una nueva especie. Tenemos que decidir un nombre para la misma. Como hemos hecho en el pasado, nos encantaría honrar a un nuevo donante importante nombrando a la rana como el donante o un ser querido. Si estas interesado, escribeme a loujost@gmail.com. Estamos en una situación financiera difícil con respecto a los fondos operativos y con deudas por compras de tierras de emergencia, por lo que la ayuda sería bienvenida.
Lou Jost, Fundación EcoMinga

 

 

 

Noblella naturetrekii, a new frog from our Naturetrek Reserve

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Meet Noblella naturetrekii, a new species of frog from our Naturetrek Reserve mosaic. Photo: Juan Pablo Reyes/EcoMinga.

 

[ Vea abajo el texto en espanol.]

Another new species of frog from our reserves was published a few weeks ago in the open-access journal PeerJ: “A new species of terrestrial frog of the genus Noblella Barbour 1930 (Amphibia: Strabomantidae) from the Llanganates-Sangay Ecological Corridor, Tungurahua, Ecuador“, authored by Juan Pablo Reyes-Puig, Carolina Reyes-Puig, Santiago Ron, Jhael A. Ortega, Juan M. Guayasamin, Mindee Goodrum, Fausto Recalde, Jose J. Vieira, Claudia Koch, and Mario H. Yánez-Muñoz.

Noblella is a small genus of frogs that is active during the day, unlike most neotropical cloud forest frogs which must be searched for at night. The genus is primarily Andean but has a few representatives in the Amazon basin as well. Our new Noblella species was first found by our “Keepers of the Wild” reserve warden Fausto Recalde in the Viscaya Unit of EcoMinga’s Naturetrek Reserve (see map). Further field research by our reserve manager Juan Pablo Reyes and his colleagues, and by Mindee Gudrum, a student at the School for International Training, turned up more individuals, which provided a more complete picture of the species’ range of variation. Molecular work by Santiago Ron of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador confirmed that it was new and in fact was one of the most phylogenetically distinctive species of Noblella. (The molecular study included almost all known Noblella species and many of their closest relatives; the resulting phylogeny revealed that the genus Noblella as currently recognized is really a mixture of two different lineages, and should be split up, but that is a story for another day.)

Noblella naturetrekii was named after the UK nature tour company, Naturetrek. Before EcoMinga existed, I had helped Naturetrek set up their Ecuadorian plant tours, and I guided the first ones. I was impressed by the level of knowledge of their tour participants. Naturetrek and its CEO David Mills was a strong supporter of the World Land Trust‘s worldwide conservation efforts, and after my friends and I founded EcoMinga, WLT reconnected us with Naturetrek. Since 2009 Naturetrek has given more tha $400000 to WLT for us, and with those funds we have built two “Naturetrek Reserve” units in the upper Rio Pastaza watershed, encompassing more than a thousand acres, to protect strategic and highly threatened Andean cloud forests. The main Naturetrek Reserve unit fills the gap between our Cerro Candelaria Reserve and our Machay Reserve, forming a critical link in our Llanganates-Sangay biological corridor between the two national parks in our area. The second unit, which we call the “Naturetrek-Viscaya Unit,” protects the lower slopes of the mountain range above the settlement of Viscaya. The new Noblella has now been found in both of these units. An additional population was discovered just outside the Naturetrek-Viscaya Unit, but this population was destroyed by deforestation and road-building just a few months after its discovery.

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Our Banos-area reserves, with the properties of the Naturetrek units outlined in yellow (thin yellow lines are still in process of purchase), other units in red, and national parks in green. Click to enlarge.

This is not the only special species found in the Naturetrek Reserves. We have also found another new species of frog there, currently being described, and in the Naturetrek Viscaya Unit we have also found a new species of lizard, which is quite surprising. There are also many special plants in both units, including our recently described Blakea attenboroughii  in the main Naturetrek Reserve Unit. I am sure there will be more new species from these reserves, because they have been carefully selected to protect unusual microhabitats.

David Mills and Naturetrek’s support for our work is ongoing, and Naturetrek will be helping us enlarge the area we protect. It is a model company in its support for nature, and deserves all the recognition it can get for this. Naturetrek has just been nominated ‘Best Safari, Wildlife & Nature Holiday Company’ in the prestigious British Travel Awards. Currently they’re in second place in the voting, and they’d greatly appreciate our readers’ support. Click here to vote: https://www.britishtravelawards.com/btaform.php?nomLink=117 They deserve it!

Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

Cutín Noblella de Naturetrek (Noblella naturetrekii), una nueva rana de nuestra Reserva Naturetrek
Traducción: Salomé Solórzano Flores
**IMG 01**- Conoce a Noblella naturetrekii, una nueva especie de rana de nuestro mosaico  Reserva Naturetrek. Fotografía: Juan Pablo Reyes/Ecominga.
Otra especie nueva de anfibio de nuestras reservas fue publicada hace pocas semanas en una revisa open acces PeerJ:  “A new species of terrestrial frog of the genus Noblella Barbour 1930 (Amphibia: Strabomantidae) from the Llanganates-Sangay Ecological Corridor, Tungurahua, Ecuador“,  escrito por Juan Pablo Reyes-Puig, Carolina Reyes-Puig, Santiago Ron, Jhael A. Ortega, Juan M. Guayasamin, Mindee Goodrum, Fausto Recalde, Jose J. Vieira, Claudia Koch, y Mario H. Yánez-Muñoz.
Noblella es un pequeño género de ranas que está activa durante el día, a diferencia de muchas ranas de bosques nublados neotropicales que pueden encontrarse por la noche. El género es principalmente Andino, pero también tiene algunos representantes en la cuenca amazónica. Nuestra nueva especie Noblella fue encontrada primero por nuestro guardia de la reserva  “Guardianes de la Naturaleza”, Fausto Recalde, en la Unidad Viscaya de la Reserva Naturetrek de EcoMinga (Ver el mapa). La investigación de campo adicional llevada a cabo por nuestro gerente Juan Pablo Reyes y sus colegas, y por Mindee Gudrum, un estudiante de School for International Training, permitió la observación de más individuos, los cuales brindaron una imagen más completa del rango de variación de la especie. La investigación molecular llevada a cabo por Santiago Ron de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, confirmó que era una especie nueva y que, en efecto, era una de las especies filogenéticas más distintivas de Noblella (El estudio molecular incluyó casi todas las especies conocidas de Noblella y muchos de sus parientes cercanos; la filogenia resultante reveló que el género Noblella, como se reconoce actualmente, es en realidad una mezcla de 2 linajes diferentes, y debería dividirse, pero esa es una hisotira para otro día).
Noblella naturetrekii lleva el nombre de la compañía de turismo natural de Reino Unido (UK), Naturetrek. Antes de la existencia de EcoMinga, ayudé a Naturetrek a preparar y guiar sus primeros recorridos de plantas ecuatorianas **Recorridos botánicos ecuatorianos/Visita a la planta ecuatoriana**. Estuve impresionado por el nivel de conocimiento de los participantes de tour. Naturetrek y su CEO David Mills fueron un fuerte soporte de los esfuerzos de conservación de  World Land Trust, y  luego de que mis amigos y yo fundaramos EcoMinga,  WLT nos reconectó con Naturetrek. Desde 2009, Naturetrek ha donado más de $400 000 a WLT para nosotros, y con estos fondos hemos construido dos unidades de “Reservas Naturetrek” en la cuenca alta del Río Pastaza, abarcando más de mil acres (4.05 km2), para proteger los bosques nublados andinos estratégicos y altamente amenazados. La unidad principal de la Reserva Naturetrek llena el vacío entre nuestra Reserva Cerro Candelaria y nuestra Reserva Machay, formando un vínculo crítico en nuestro corredor biológico Llanganates-Sangay entre los dos parques nacionales en nuestra área. La segunda unidad, a la cual llamamos “Unidad Naturetrek-Viscaya”, protege las laderas más bajas de la cordillera sobre el asentamiento de Viscaya. La nueva Noblella ahora se ha encontrado en ambas unidades. Se descubrió una población adicional en las afueras de la Unidad Naturetrek-Viscaya”, pero esta fue destruida por la deforestación y la construcción de una carretera justo pocos meses después de su descubrimiento.
**IMG 02** – Nuestras reservas en el área de Baños, con las propiedades de las unidades Naturetrek delineadas en amarillo (Líneas amarillas finas todavía están en proceso de compra), otras unidades en rojo, y parques nacionales en verde. Click para agrandar.
Esta no es la unica especie especial encontrada en las Reservas Naturetrek. También hemos encontrado otra nueva especie de rana aquí, la cual actualmente se encuentra siendo descrita, y en la Unidad Naturetrek-Viscaya hemos encontrado nuevas especies de lagartijas, lo cual es bastante sorprendente. También hay muchas especies de plantas en ambas unidades, incluyenbdo nuestra recientemente descrito  Blakea attenboroughii en la unidad principal de la Reserva Naturetrek. Estoy seguro de que habrá nuevas especies de estas reservas, ya que han sido cuidadosamente seleccionadas para proteger microhábitats inusuales.
El apoyo de David Mills y Naturetrek continúa, y Naturetrek nos ayudará a ampliar el área que protegemos. Es una compañía modelo en su aporte a la naturaleza, y merece todo el reconocimiento que puede obtener por esto. Naturetrek ha sido nominado a “Mejor empresa de vacaciones  de Safari, Vida Salvaje y Naturaleza” en el prestigioso British Travel Awards. Actualmente están en segundo lugar en las votaciones, y apreciarían bastante el apoyo de nuestros lectores. Click aquí para votar:https://www.britishtravelawards.com/btaform.php?nomLink=117 Lo merecen!

Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

 

Pristimantis mallii, our tenth new frog species discovered in the upper Rio Pastaza watershed

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Pristimantis mallii in amplexus. Photo: Carolina Reyes

[Ver traduccion en espanol abajo.]

Over the last two decades, scientific work in the upper Rio Pastaza watershed between Banos and Puyo has shown it to be one of Ecuador’s most diverse and under-appreciated biological hotspots. We are regularly discovering new species of plants and animals there, especially frogs, orchids, and melastomes, reflecting the interest of our staff in these groups. Quite a number of new species from this area have been described by us or by our colleagues over the last few months, and I will report on some of these over the next few days.

Today we highlight Pristimantis mallii , a new species from our Rio Zunac Reserve. This is the tenth(!) new species of frog discovered in the upper Rio Pastaza watershed in the last ten years. This one was cryptic; though collections were made as early as 2009, the variability of this species and its closest relatives was not well enough understood to describe it as new until this year.  Its closest relative (as shown by DNA analysis) is P. miktos, a species of the eastern lowlands of Ecuador and Peru from 200-300m elevation. Pristimantis mallii is found only at much higher elevations, 1300-2200m, and it has not yet been found outside the Rio Zunac Reserve.

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Female P. mallii. Photo: Bioweb

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A different female P. mallii. Photo: Bioweb.

 

At our request, the authors of the species description kindly agreed to name this species after my late friend Malli Rao, one of the earliest supporters of the EcoMinga Foundation. The article explains this choice: “The new species is named in honor of the late Dr V. N. Mallikarjuna “Malli” Rao, of Wilmington, Delaware, USA. A winner of the Lavosier Medal at DuPont, he helped develop an environmentally safe alternative to the fluorocarbons that were depleting the ozone layer. His donation to EcoMinga in 2007 started the Río Zuñag Reserve, the type locality of P. mallii.”

A national newspaper picked up the story of this discovery and gave it a nice treatment:

https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2019/03/20/nota/7242944/descubren-nueva-especie-rana-provincia-tungurahua

Para mas informacion en espanol vea aqui.

Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

Pristimantis mallii, nuestra décima nueva especie de rana descubierta en la cuenca alta del río Pastaza
Traducción: Salomé Solórzano Flores
** IMG 01 ** – Pristimantis mallii en amplexus. Fotografía: Carolina Reyes
A lo largo de los últimos 20 años, el trabajo científico en la cuenca alta del Río Pastaza, entre Baños y Puyo, ha demostrado ser una de las zonas más diversas y un hotspot poco apreciado biológicamente en Ecuador. Regularmente descubrimos nuevas especies de plantas y animales en este lugar, especialmente anfibios, orquídeas y melastomataceas, reflejando el interés de nuestro equipo en dichos grupos. En los últimos meses hemos descrito, nosotros o nuestros colegas, varias nuevas especies de esta área, e informaré sobre algunas de ellas en los próximos días.
Hoy resaltaremos a Pristimantis mallii, una nueva especie de nuestra reserva Río Zunac. Esta es la décima nueva especie de rana, descubierta en la cuenca alta del Río Pastaza en los últimos 10 años. Esta es críptica; aunque las colecciones se realizadon en 2009, la variabilidad de esta especie y sus parientes más cercanos no fueron comprendidos lo suficiente para describirlos como nuevos hasta este año. Su pariente cercano (como muestra su análisis de ADN) es P. miktos, una especie de las bajuras del este de Ecuador y Perú, de 200 a 300 msnm. Pristimantis mallii se ha encontrado a mayores altitudes, de 1300 a 2200 msnm, y no ha sido encontrada fuera de la Reserva Rio Zunac.
** IMG 02 ** – Hembra de P. mallii. Fotografía: Bioweb
** IMG 03 ** – Otra hembra de P. mallii. Fotografía: Bioweb.
A petición nuestra, los autores de la descripción de las especies, accedieron amablemente a nombrar esta especie en honor a mi difunto amigo Malli Rao, uno de los primeros partidarios de la Fundación EcoMinga. El artículo explica esta elección: “The new species is named in honor of the late Dr V. N. Mallikarjuna “Malli” Rao, of Wilmington, Delaware, USA. A winner of the Lavosier Medal at DuPont, he helped develop an environmentally safe alternative to the fluorocarbons that were depleting the ozone layer. His donation to EcoMinga in 2007 started the Río Zuñag Reserve, the type locality of P. mallii.”
Un periódico nacional tomó la historia del descubrimiento y le dió un buen trato: https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2019/03/20/nota/7242944/descubren-nueva-especie-rana-provincia-tungurahua
Para mayor información pinche aqui.
Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

Our reserve manager, Juan Pablo Reyes, is one of the scientists interviewed on an Ecuadorian national television feature about endangered frogs

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Juan Pablo Reyes, our reserve manager, and his colleagues have discovered more than ten new species of frogs in our Baños-area reserves. As one of Ecuador’s leading herpetologists, he was interviewed for the well-known weekly national television program “Dia a Dia”, which aired yesterday.

The program chose to broadcast a segment where he talks about one of his new species, Pristimantis puruscafeum. He named this species in honor of Puro Coffee, an organic coffee brand in the UK which gave us the initial support for what is now our largest reserve, Cerro Candelaria:

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Pristimantis puruscafeum. Photo: Juan Pablo Reyes/EcoMinga.

To see the whole program, go to this site and choose the May 5 2019 edition. The frog part begins at 32:00.

http://www.teleamazonas.com/actualidad/dia-a-dia/

We are pleased to have this national exposure!

Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

 

A new glass frog has been discovered in our Manduriacu Reserve

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New glass frog species, Nymphargus manduriacu. Click image to enlarge. Photo: Jose Vieira/Tropical Herping

Last month saw the publication of a new species of glass frog, Nymphargus manduriacu (Centrolenidae), discovered in EcoMinga’s Manduriacu Reserve, in Imbabura province northwest of Quito. Glass frogs are famous for their transparent belly skin; from below, depending on the species, you can often see structures such as their bones, the contours of their intestines, and even their hearts pumping away! Of the roughly 150 species of glass frogs in the New World tropics, the genus Nymphargus has about 36 known species, mostly very local endemics.

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Sebastian Kohn, founder of the Manduriacu Reserve, admires the new species. Photo: Scott Trageser

The new species was found and studied by a team of biologists from The Biodiversity Group, Fundacion Condor Andino, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, the Third Millenium Alliance, Tropical Herping, and Fundacion EcoMinga. Team members include Juan Guayasamin, Ross Maynard, Paul Hamilton, Scott Trageser, Jose Vieira, Sebastian Kohn, Gabriela Gavilanes, Ryan Lynch, and Diego Cisneros-Heredia.

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The new species, Nymphargus manduriacu. Photo: Scott Trageser.

The authors analyzed the new species’ DNA, along with that of many other glass frogs, and this analysis revealed that its closest relative is  “lost species” Nymphargus  balionotus, which previously had been tentatively placed in the glass frog genus Centrolenella. Nymphargus balionotus had not been seen anywhere for the last fifteen years, but this team of scientists found healthy populations of both N. manduriacu and N. balionotus living together at Manduriacu. The genetic divergence between these two sister species is considerably greater than the divergence between most sister-species pairs in the genus; the N. manduriacu and N. balionotus  lineages each contains more unique evolutionary history than all but two of the other Nymphargas species analyzed. This makes N. manduriacu and N. balionotus  especially important species for conservation of phylogenetic diversity, and our Manduriacu Reserve maintains the only known breeding populations of these two species.

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Nymphargus balionotus, the closest relative of N. manduriacu. Click image to enlarge. Photo: Jaime Culebras.

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Nymphargus balionotus, the closest relative of N. manduriacu. Click image to enlarge. Photo: Jaime Culebras.

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Developing eggs of Nymphargus balionotus in the Manduriacu Reserve. Click image to enlarge. Photo: Jaime Culebras.

The “family history” constructed by the authors based on their DNA sequences gives some clues about how the different Nymphargus species evolved. The authors noted that on the eastern slope of the Andes, most of the species evolved by geographical isolation. On that slope, sister species are usually geographic neighbors, and the distributions of sister species usually do not overlap. In contrast, on the west slope of the Andes, sister species can overlap, as N. manduriacu does with N. balionotus. Apart from N. balionotus, the other two species most closely related to N. manduriacu are actually from the east slope of the Andes in southeast Ecuador and Peru; this sub-group of glass frogs is an ancient one, and N. manduriacu is one of its few surviving lineages.

That’s the good news. The bad news is that the Ecuadorian government has concessioned almost the entire Manduriacu Reserve to Cerro Quebrado, the Ecuadorian arm of the world’s largest mining company, BHP Billiton, without our consent or that of the previous owners. (In Ecuador the government owns all subsoil rights and can concession them to whoever it wants, though its constitution recognizes the rights of nature and gives local communities a voice about land use.) The goal of this company is probably to mine copper here, in an open-pit mine similar to the one proposed for nearby Intag. Intag has been the scene of an intense conflict between  members of the community and the mining interests, as documented in the film “Under Rich Earth”. Something similar may happen in and around Manduriacu Reserve. BHP Billiton is one of the mining companies responsible for one of Brazil’s biggest environmental disasters:

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/may/03/brazil-iron-mine-samarco-fined-disaster

We cannot and should not oppose all mining. We use copper just like everyone else, and the people of the region do need jobs. But neither should open-pit mines be dug indiscriminately in the region; the long-term consequences of such mining can be serious. A reasonable balance would be to avoid affecting the region’s privately and publicly protected ecological reserves, especially when those reserves contain unique species not found anywhere else in the world. Our Manduriacu Reserve is now the only known home not only for the Manduriacu Glass Frog and its sister species N. balionotus, but also for another amphibian, Rhaebo ollalai, the Tandayapa Andean Toad, which still survives in our reserve but has become extinct everywhere else in its former range. Nearby Los Cedros Reserve is also concessioned for mining and likewise holds unique species. A recent scientific paper explores the potential impact of mining on the biodiversity of this area. The paper did not specifically study Manduriacu, but the authors found that the impact of mining on the region’s biodiversity would be devastating. Inclusion of Manduriacu’s unique species would have substantially strengthened the paper’s conclusions.

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Critically endangered Rhaebo olallai in Manduriacu Reserve. Click image to enlarge. Photo: Ryan Lynch.

The mining company involved in our Reserve, Cerro Quebrado/BHP Billiton, has entered our reserve and made campsites without our permission, contrary to Ecuadorian law. Bitty Roy, lead author of the scientific paper just mentioned, has talked with a manager of BHP Billiton about their plans for the region. The manager claimed that the company had written permission to enter our land, though EcoMinga had not been asked about nor given this permission. We suspect the local company representatives either misidentified the ownership or misled their superiors.

After these conversations with a manager of BHP Billiton, Dr Roy reports that the company is unlikely to respect private conservation areas or even state-protected forests (such as Bosque Protectores) apart from the National Park system, since the state which sets the rules for protection is also the entity that gave them the mining concession to those areas.  The company was also unaware of the sensitivity and conservation importance of Manduriacu.  Their corporate operating guidelines state “We do not operate where there is a risk of direct impacts to ecosystems that could result in the extinction of an IUCN Red List Threatened Species in the wild. When the concession was granted, the threat level of the most endangered Manduriacu species, the Tandayapa Andean Toad (Rhaebo olallai), was not officially evaluated by the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature).  Like many poorly-known species, it was listed as “Data Deficient”, meaning there was not enough information to assess its status. It had been discovered near Tandayapa, about 30km south of Manduriacu, but it has disappeared from there, perhaps eliminated by the frog-killing chytrid fungus that has swept Central and South America beginning in the 1980s.  No additional individuals were found for the next 40 years, until a healthy population was discovered in Manduriacu in 2012. Now, after 40 years of failure to find it anywhere outside of Manduriacu Reserve, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature has officially listed the species as “Critically Endangered”, the highest threat category. Dr Roy noted that the company’s management told him that the presence of critically-endangered species would be a reason for not mining the area, so perhaps they will follow their own directives and leave us alone. Manduriacu also hosts Ecuador’s most critically endangered mammal, the Brown-headed Spider Monkey.

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Rhaebo olallai along a stream in Manduriacu reserve. Click image to enlarge. Photo: Ryan Lynch.

The discovery of the Manduriacu Glass Frog, and the threat that mining poses to its future survival, has been widely covered in the media. See for example:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/03/translucent-glass-frog-species-found-in-ecuador/

https://www.geek.com/news/incredible-new-see-through-glass-frog-is-threatened-by-mining-1777380/

The Ecuadorian and international conservation community will continue to monitor and publicize the fate of this frog and the other endangered species of the region. Dr. Roy says that the corporate manager he spoke with has decided not to mine the nearby Los Cedros Reserve, because of the presence of critically endangered species. We hope that BHP Billiton will do the right thing and avoid our Manduriacu Reserve (which is small compared to Los Cedros) for the same reason.

Many thanks to the team that investigated our reserve and contributed their wonderful photos to this blog, and to the supporters of this reserve!

Lou Jost, Fundacion EcoMinga

 

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